The giant barrel sponge Xestospongia muta dominates Caribbean coral reef communities, where it is an important spatial competitor, increases habitat complexity, and filters seawater. They may be over 100 years old, as the sponges grow only about 1.5 cm a year. We have monitored permanent plots on reefs off Key Largo, Florida, USA, to study the demography of a particularly important species, the giant barrel sponge, Xestospongia muta. did you know that the Giant Barrel Sponge can live for over 2,000 years. > Symbiotic ties, bioactive compounds, and mysterious distributions of bacteria characterize these ancient invertebrates ! Not only are they the largest sponges on the reef, but they also are very long lived – up tp thousands of years. Length - 1.5cm Depth - 2-20m Widespread Indo-West Pacific The largest species of sponge (Porifera) is the giant barrel sponge (Xestospongia muta).It grows at depths from 10 m (33 ft) down to 120 m (390 ft), and can reach a diameter of 1,8 – 2 m (6 – 6,6 ft). It’s habitat is on mid range to deep coral reefs and muddy sand bottoms in deeper water. Their hollow bodies can grow to around 2m (6.5ft) tall and 2m (6.5ft) wide, large enough to hold an adult human. The Blue Barrel Sponge has the nickname "Redwood of the Reef" because of … [Figure] Hospitable habitat. Since 1997, the Pawlik … It can also have several different shaped openings. The family is Petrosiidae. Physical Features . 2. The kingdom is Animalia. The phylum is Porifera. It is also the largest species of sponge in the Caribbean. Giant barrel sponges, such as Xestospongia muta, are referred to by some as "Redwoods of the Reef." For the Giant Barrel Sponge, the way it retrieves food is very similar to that of a sponge, however instead of the many pores a sponge holds the barrel sponge uses the main hole as a way to live. Sponge poop plays a key role in tropical reef ecosystems. Respiratory System. Purple to red brown externally, tan internally. This sponge was given its name due its hollow center and its round and open top, giving it a resemblance to a barrel. The barrel sponges of the western Pacific, Indian Ocean, and the Caribbbean Sea are among the largest of all sponges. About the Giant Barrel Sponge The Giant Barrel Sponges are barrel-shaped sponges with a rough, hard exterior. Close up of a giant barrel sponge, Xestospongia muta, which provides habitat for many creatures including a squat lobster (right) and a brittle star (left).Imaged within the Pulley Ridge Habitat Area of Particular Concern, off the southwest coast of Florida. The Blue Barrel Sponges' tissues contains photosynthetic symbiotic cyanobacteria which gives it its color. It has been called the ‘redwood of the reef’ because of its size (often >1 m height and diameter) and presumed long life, but very little is known about its demography. The chemicals that a sponge produces are being used to find a cure for cancer and many other diseases! Various critters can often be found resting inside these sponges. They feed on plankton. 4. That is longer than you can live! Giant Barrel Sponge. Comparison of the mean ± 1 SD incurrent (ambient) availability and sponge‐mediated flux of C and DO for the giant barrel sponges X. testudinaria and X. muta. The Blue Barrel Sponge is a filter feeder. Herein, we assess the fine scale genetic connectivity of six populations of the Atlantic giant barrel sponge, Xestospongia muta … Like most sponges, they pump water through their bodies to obtain food: plankton, bacteria and nutrients from the seawater. It is one of the biggest sponges in the world. It is shaped like a barrel and thats where it gets its name from. Incurrent C and DO concentrations are reported as μmol C L seawater −1 and μmol O 2 L seawater −1 , respectively. Giant barrel sponges in the genus Xestospongia may be among the largest benthic invertebrates providing habitat and fulfilling ecosystem services on reefs where coral is declining. From: The Flora and Fauna of Pulley Ridge – the Deepest Mesophotic Reef off the Continental U.S. Giant barrel sponges are actually animals, despite the fact that they grow fixed to the reef or the ocean bottom, giving us the impression that they are plants. The giant barrel sponge Xestospongia muta a particularly important species; populations constitute a significant amount of overall reef biomass, are an important component of habitat heterogeneity, and filter large amounts of seawater. They are impressive in their size and their presence in the underwater world, but the facts about them and their importance to the health of the reef and the ocean is truly surprising. To prevent other sponges from attacking them, Sponges can produce chemicals to keep other sponges cells from growing. The Giant Barrel Sponge can be found in the Caribbean sea, the Bahamas, Bermuda, and in reefs around Florida. Resolving the genetic connectivity of coral reef taxa is necessary to understand the community dynamics of these increasingly threatened ecosystems. Rumble / Unreal Animals — Giant barrel sponges are actually animals, despite the fact that they grow fixed to the reef or the ocean bottom, giving us the impression that they are plants. They are impressive in their size and their presence in the underwater world, but the facts about them and their importance to the health of the reef and the ocean is truly surprising. Illustration of a giant barrel sponge (Xestospongia muta) used in a life history poster. habitat for other organisms and ﬁltering vast amounts of seawater.21,22 Therefore, the tight interaction of giant barrel sponges with their environment makes them an interesting model to study the relationship between metabolites and environmental factors. Illustration of the structure and anatomy of a typical sponge (barrel sponge, phylum porifera). Giant BArrel Sponge . Classification The Encrusting Sponge K. Animalia P. Porifera C. Demospongiae O. Poecilosclerida F. Crambeidae G. Monachora S. Monachora Arbuscula Habitat They encrust dead areas of reefs, encrusting forms especially around the bases of living coral heads They distribute It can grow up to 35 feet and can stretch itself up to 6 feet wide. Some degraded reefs are characterized by high levels of sedimentation and low coral cover in this area, but support large populations of the ecologically important giant barrel sponge Xestospongia spp. Symbiotic ties, bioactive compounds, and mysterious distributions of bacteria characterize these ancient invertebrates. Giant barrel sponge Xestospongia muta Giant barrel sponges are common inhabitants of coral reefs, especially in the Caribbean. 415). They feed on zooplankton. Small fish and many invertebrates live on and inside these huge animals, which live on tropical coral reefs. To see several of my wildlife images on apparel, accessories, and many other fun products, visit my Zazzle store. | Life science, biomedical, caricatures, cartoons, editorial and general stock art illustration by Dave Carlson Barrel shaped, with thick walls. A team of scientists led by Dr Lonny Lundsten of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) in Moss Landing, California, has discovered an extraordinary new species of carnivorous sponge. Oscules on the inner side of vase; 0.2 - 0.3 cm (Ref. Top Facts About Sponges. Similar to all types of sponges, the barrel sponge filter feeds. This group of sponges are known to reach massive sizes and ages of 2000 years or more in warm Caribbean seas (Van Soest, 2012). Giant specimens may reach a diameter of up to 2 meters. The domain is Eukarya. Brittle and crumbly in consistency. Banded coral shrimps often make homes in vase sponges, like this (probable) Pink Vase (Niphates digitalis), Roatan, Honduras. Also known as Barrel-sponge Crab, Fairy Crab, Fairy Lobster, Hairy Pink Lobster, Hairy Pink Squat Lobster, Pink Hairy Squat Lobster, Pink Squat Lobster, Sponge Crab. The order is Haplosclerida. Three species of giant barrel sponge are currently recognized in two distinct geographic regions, the tropical Atlantic and the Indo-Pacific. Found around the giant barrel sponges - Xestospongia testudinaria over coral and rocky reefs. 1. The class is Demospongiae. about the demographics of sponges on coral reefs, despite their abundance and the important functions they perform (e.g., increased habitat complexity, water ﬁltration). We are restoring the world’s wild fish populations to serve as a … Read more in the article: "Sponge feces as the driving force behind tropical coral reefs". Length - 1.5m Depth - … Despite the key role of sponges as structural components, habitat providers, and nutrient recyclers in reef ecosystems, their dispersal dynamics are little understood. Sponges can cotain 16,000 other animals inside of it. It is also known as Xestospongia Muta and it has brittle, incompressible, and easy to break consistency. Herein, we assess the fine scale genetic connectivity of six populations of the Atlantic giant barrel sponge, Xestospongia muta (Schmidt, 1870), using The bumpy surfaces of barrel sponges like this Giant Barrel Sponge (Xestospongia muta) provide habitat for a wide range of fishes and critters. They can be gray, brown, red-brown or rose-purple. Surface with protuberances with round or blade-like outlines. Also known as Giant Barrel Sponge, Great Vase Sponge, Marine Sponge, Siliceous Sponge, Volcano Sponge. Populations of the giant barrel sponge (Xestospongia muta) increased by 46% over six years, beginning in 2000, on reefs off the Florida Keys (McMurray et al. It is the largest of the reef-dwelling invertebrate in these areas. Featured Campaign Save the Oceans, Feed the World. Giant Barrel Sponge. Giant Barrel Sponge has shades of gray color, brown, red brown or rose purple color. Retrieving food via the water that flows through the main pore of the sponge. Found singly or in small colonies over reef faces and flats of coral and rocky reefs. 2010), where this sponge is now the most important habitat-forming animal on the reefs . Giant barrel sponges are actually animals, despite the fact that they grow fixed to the reef or the ocean bottom, giving us the impression that they are plants. Giant Barrel Sponge; Giant Caribbean Sea Anemone; Giant Carpet Anemone; Giant Clam; Giant Devilray; Giant Kelp; Giant Manta Ray; the Full Creature Index Petitions. The genus is Xestospongia. The Blue Barrel Sponge provides a habitat for various invertebrates. Resolving the genetic connectivity of coral reef taxa is necessary to understand the community dynamics of these increasingly threatened ecosystems. 3.